Críticas, Otros

Solas – Huele a macho

Una de las mejores virtudes con las que puede contar una película es la de no quedar obsoleta, aplastada por el paso del tiempo y los cambios sociales del mundo en el que se desarrolla. Por otro lado, uno de los mayores problemas que puede tener un país es que un drama social rodado 16 años atrás aún siga vigente, fresco como el primer día, tanto que pudiera ser una película del momento. Porque eso significaría o que nos encontramos ante una película decididamente buena o que realmente en ese país poco ha cambiado. En el caso que nos ocupa, «Solas» cuenta con esa virtud y España con ese problema.

Zambrano se descubre en su ópera prima como un delicado artesano capaz de narrar con encanto, sobriedad y tacto un duro drama sobre dos mujeres, madre e hija, a quienes el mundo –y más concretamente la sociedad profundamente machista en la que viven– nunca termina de darles descanso. En este planteamiento inicial se encuentra una de sus mayores virtudes, pero también su mayor defecto.

Y es que me parece acertadísimo centrar el relato en torno a dos mujeres –absolutas protagonistas– que experimentan la violencia del machismo (la madre en forma del maltrato su marido, la hija en forma de un embarazo cuyo responsable se desentiende), pero encuentro algo torpe y artificial la representación de ésta. Durante todo el metraje no me abandona la sensación de que habría sido infinitamente más acertado presentar un machismo más sutil y cotidiano, ya fuese en sustitución de esta violencia extrema (maltrato, posesión y abandono) o en forma de acompañamiento, porque no puedo evitar creer que el mensaje que deja la película es que hay gente muy mala en el mundo, como maltratadores, gente posesiva, hombres egoístas que destrozan la vida de los demás y se quitan de en medio, y no un problema generalizado, estructural, social, como si el problema terminase una vez desapareciese esta gente. Algo, por desgracia, muy lejos de la realidad.

Esta simplicidad en el enfoque del machismo se encuentra en realidad presente en todos los temas que aborda, una muestra de ello es la intentona de generar un debate sobre el aborto que se resuelve en tres frases, resumidas en: «Quiero abortar», «Estoy en contra del aborto» y «Pero no tienes derecho a decidir sobre esto, es mi problema, mi cuerpo y soy yo quien toma la decisión». Es interesante tanto la forma de plantear el debate como la manera de tratar de resolverlo, pero es demasiado fugaz, ahí termina el acercamiento a ese tema y parece más bien como si el único objetivo fuese anotar que la película también habla sobre el aborto y sus distintas posturas. Lo hace, pero de una manera excesivamente superficial.

Pese al subrayado y lo poco elaborado de alguna de sus denuncias, nos encontramos ante un fantástico drama, a ratos tierno y emotivo, a ratos incómodo y duro, que muestra una realidad de entonces pero también de ahora. Solo queda esperar que, dentro de un tiempo, la película conserve su fuerza original, como lo ha hecho durante 16 años, pero que sea necesario ponerla en su contexto para entenderla porque el mundo en el que vivamos sea muy distinto del mundo que la película nos presenta.


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